MEISSEN FIGURE OF SCARAMOUCHE
FROM THE WEISSENFELS SERIES
Hard paste porcelain
Height: 5 ½ in. (14 cm)
Marks: crossed swords in underglaze blue
This figure is part of a series of eighteen figures which were ordered by Johann Adolf II, duke of Sachsen-Weissenfels (1685-1746), the first cousin of Augustus the Strong, perhaps to commemorate his wedding to Frederike von Sachsen-Gotha in 1743. They were made by Peter Reinicke, with some supervisory corrections by Johann Joachim Kändler. The eighteen figures are: Harlequin “Ancien,” Harlequin “Moderne,” Scapin, the Captain, Narcissin, Giangurgolo, Beltrame, Tartaglia, Pierrot, Mezzetin, two figures of Scaramouche, dancing Harlequin or Hanswurst, Pantalone, the Dottore, Pulcinella, dancing Harlequine, and Columbine with a mask and castanets. Fourteen of the figures were made by Reinicke, of which at least nine were corrected by Kändler between March and September 1744. Reinicke refers directly in his work notes to the fourteen figures that he made that year: Pantalone was made in March; Harlequin, either Harlequin “moderne” or Dancing Harlequin (Hanswurst), was modeled in April; Dottore and Pulcinella were modeled in May, and Pulcinella was completed in June; Scaramouche was made in June; and Pierrot and Scapin were made in July. In August 1744, Reinicke made four figures: Beltrame, Mezzetin, the Captain, and Giangurgolo. In September 1744, he created Narcissin, Harlequin “ancien,” and Tartaglia. The last reference was made in October 1744, when Reinicke recorded repairing a Dancing Harlequine.